By the time it finishes its work at the end of December 2013, the Trottier Energy Futures Project (TEFP) will chart a course for Canada to cut its energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. To get anywhere near the target, fossil fuel consumption and related emissions will have to decline about as quickly as they’ve grown in the last 100 years.
The prospects for achieving a low-carbon future come down to whether Canada can:
- Become much more energy-efficient
- Rely much more on electricity for low- and medium-temperature heat, personal transportation, and some industrial processes
- Decarbonize the electricity supply
- Increase the use of biofuels, while ensuring that bioenergy feedstocks are produced sustainably
- Deal with the habits, practices, and policies across the economy that set the underlying demand for energy.